This is a process used to fuse multiple plants together. When grafting, a branch is cut open and a piece of another type of plant is inserted and held in place. Grafting created connections and joints between separate plants that are meant to be permanent.
Framing is used to encourage trees to grow in certain patterns or shapes. If an arborist wants a tree to grow into a winding or complex design, a frame must be used until the tree gives in. Once the tree’s tissues have succumbed to the bend or design, the framing can be removed. Framing is also commonly used to support young trees or saplings until they are strong enough to grow on their own.
This is perhaps the most common technique used to achieve a specific tree design. Pruning is used to create specific designs by directing growth in certain ways and it may also be used to keep the desired design free from wayward or unwanted branches. Pruning can be used to thin out and reduce the canopy. Trees that are pruned do run the risk of stunted growth or not surviving the trauma of the treatment at all.
This process, also known as plashing, is where a mixture of dead and living branches are woven or interlaced to create arbors, tunnels, arches, and hedges. Pleaching creates a screen or hedge as it encourages young trees’ branches to grow together almost as if they were grafted.